In 1974, the PLO outlined their future goals, according to the
Phased Plan. The Phased Plan calls for Palestinians to create a state on
any land that is given to them, and to use that land as a launching ground for
attacks against Israel, with the end goal, to take over all of Israel. For
those who don't believe that this is true, or think it was never institutd, go
the Palestinian Arab-controlled Jerusalem
Media and Communications Centre, and scroll to the date 1974.
PLO´S PHASED PLAN
at the 12th Session of the Palestinian National Council Cairo, June 9, 1974
Text of the Phased Plan
Palestinian National Council:
On the basis of the Palestinian
National Charter and the Political Programme drawn up at the eleventh session,
held from January 6-12, 1973; and from its belief that it is impossible for a
permanent and just peace to be established in the area unless our Palestinian
people recover all their national rights and, first and foremost, their rights
to return and to self-determination on the whole of the soil of their homeland;
and in the light of a study of the new political circumstances that have come
into existence in the period between the Council's last and present sessions,
resolves the following:
1. To reaffirm the Palestine Liberation Organization's previous attitude to
Resolution 242, which obliterates the national right of our people and deals
with the cause of our people as a problem of refugees. The Council therefore
refuses to have anything to do with this resolution at any level, Arab or
international, including the Geneva Conference.
2. The Liberation Organization will employ all means, and first and foremost
armed struggle, to liberate Palestinian territory and to establish the
independent combatant national authority for the people over every part of
Palestinian territory that is liberated. This will require further changes being
effected in the balance of power in favour of our people and their struggle.
3. The Liberation Organization will struggle against any proposal for a
Palestinian entity the price of which is recognition, peace, secure frontiers,
renunciation of national rights and the deprival of our people of their right to
return and their right to self-determination on the soil of their homeland.
4. Any step taken towards liberation is a step towards the realization of the
Liberation Organization's strategy of establishing the democratic Palestinian
state specified in the resolutions of previous Palestinian National Councils.
5. Struggle along with the Jordanian national forces to establish a
Jordanian-Palestinian national front whose aim will be to set up in Jordan a
democratic national authority in close contact with the Palestinian entity that
is established through the struggle.
6. The Liberation Organization will struggle to establish unity in struggle
between the two peoples and between all the forces of the Arab liberation
movement that are in agreement on this programme.
7. In the light of this programme, the Liberation Organization will struggle
to strengthen national unity and to raise it to the level where it will be able
to perform its national duties and tasks.
8. Once it is estabished, the Palestinian national authority will strive to
achieve a union of the confrontation countries, with the aim of completing the
liberation of all Palestinian territory, and as a step along the road to
comprehensive Arab unity.
9. The Liberation Organization will strive to strengthen its solidarity with
the socialist countries, and with forces of liberation and progress throughout
the world, with the aim of frustration all the schemes of Zionism, reaction and
10. In light of this programme, the leadership of the revolution will
determine the tactics which will serve and make possible the realization of
The Executive Committee of the
Palestine Liberation Organization will make every effort to implement this
programme, and should a situation arise affecting the destiny and the future of
the Palestinian people, the National Assembly will be convened in extraordinary
In the October 1973 Yom Kippur War, the Arab
states launched a surprise attack against Israel on the holiest day of the
Jewish calendar. Once again they tried to eliminate Israel, further motivated
this time by the desire to redeem their honor after their major defeat in the
1967 Six-Day War. Though Israel was initially caught off guard, it then
regrouped and repelled the Arab attack, but not before incurring heavy
war convinced the Arabs that they would not be able to destroy Israel militarily
within its post-1967 boundaries. Thus they embarked upon a new three-stage
strategy for Israel's destruction, embodied in the PLO's 1974 decision commonly
known as the Phased Plan (the text of which is below).
The Plan in brief:
1.Through the "armed struggle" (i.e.,
terrorism), to establish an "independent combatant national authority" over any
territory that is "liberated" from Israeli rule. (Article 2)
2.To continue the struggle against Israel,
using the territory of the national authority as a base of operations. (Article
3.To provoke an all-out war in which Israel's
Arab neighbors destroy it entirely ("liberate all Palestinian territory")
Today, the Phased Plan remains relevant. Speaking just after the 1993
revelation of the Israel-PLO accord, PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat announced that
the historic agreement "will be a basis for an independent Palestinian
state in accordance with the Palestine National Council resolution issued in
1974.... The PNC resolution issued in 1974 calls for the establishment of a
national authority on any part of Palestinian soil from which Israel withdraws
or which is liberated." (Radio Monte Carlo, 1 September 1993)
It is worth noting that the PLO's term for the self-rule council now in place
in Gaza and the West Bank is the "Palestinian National Authority,"
echoing the language of the Phased Plan. Also note that Articles 5-6 call for a
revolution in Jordan to establish a new Jordanian regime which will ally itself
with the Palestinian National Authority. Historically, Jordan comprised the bulk
of the Palestine territory, and a majority of its residents are of Palestinian
origin. The PLO has never recognized the legitimacy of Kingdom of Jordan as a
state independent of Palestine.
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