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Fatah Fateh

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Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades | Al-qaeda-Al-queda | Fatah-Fateh | Fatah Constitution | Hamas | Israeli national anthem | Israel national anthem | Map of Middle East | Map of the Middle East | Middle East Map | Middle East Terrorism | palestine national anthem |Islamic Jihad - Jihad Islami  | palestinian national anthem | Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) | Tanzim

 

Fatah-Fateh

See also Tanzim

Source: Jewish Virtual Library

The Movement for the National Liberation of Palestine (Fatah) was founded in the early 1960s by Yasser Arafat and friends of his in Algeria, Fatah was originally opposed to the founding of the PLO, which it viewed as a political opponent. Backed by Syria, Fatah began carrying out terrorist raids against Israeli targets in 1965, launched from Jordan, Lebanon and Egyptian-occupied Gaza (so as not to draw reprisals against Syria). Dozens of raids were carried out each year, exclusively against civilian targets.

Fatah's popularity among Palestinians grew until it took over control of the PLO in 1968. Since then it has been the PLO's most prominent faction, under the direct control of PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat.

"Fatah" is a reverse acronym of the Arabic, Harekat at-Tahrir al-Wataniyyeh al-Falastiniyyeh. The word "Fatah" means "conquest by means of jihad [Islamic holy war]".

Note the grenade and crossed rifles, superimposed on the map of Israel in the emblem. This emphasizes the dedication of Fatah, along with the other "liberation" groups, to the "armed struggle" against Israel, a euphemism for terrorism against civilians.

Source: Federation of American Scientists

Description

Headed by Yasser Arafat, Fatah joined the PLO in 1968 and won the leadership role in 1969. Its commanders were expelled from Jordan following violent confrontations with Jordanian forces during the period 1970-71, beginning with Black September in 1970. The Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982 led to the group's dispersal to several Middle Eastern countries, including Tunisia, Yemen, Algeria, Iraq, and others. Maintains several military and intelligence wings that have carried out terrorist attacks, including Force 17, the Hawari Special Operations Group, Tanzim and the Al Aqsa Marytrs Brigade.

Activities

In the 1960s and the 1970s, Fatah offered training to a wide range of European, Middle Eastern, Asian, and African terrorist and insurgent groups. Carried out numerous acts of international terrorism in Western Europe and the Middle East in the 1970s. It has since been linked to terrorist attacks against Israeli and foreign civilians in Israel and the occupied territories.

Strength

6,000 to 8,000.

External Aid

Has had close, longstanding political and financial ties to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and other Persian Gulf states. These relations were disrupted by the Gulf crisis of 1990-91. Also has had links to Jordan. Received weapons, explosives, and training from the former USSR and the former Communist regimes of East European states. China and North Korea have reportedly provided some weapons.

Source: Wikipedia

Fatah (Arabic: الفتح al-fatah -- literally: "the victory") is a Palestinian faction founded in 1957 by Yasser Arafat. Fatah is committed to gaining full independence for Palestinians. In 1967 - 1968, Fatah joined the PLO and won the leadership role in 1969. Fatah's commanders were expelled to Lebanon from Jordan following violent confrontations with Jordanian forces during the period 1970 - 1971, beginning with Black September in 1970.

In the 1960s and the 1970s, Fatah provideded training to a wide range of European, Middle Eastern, Asian, and African terrorist and insurgent groups. Fatah carried out numerous acts of international terrorism in Western Europe and the Middle East in the 1970s. It has since been linked to terrorist attacks against Israeli and foreign civilians in Israel and the occupied territories.

Fatah received weapons, explosives, and training from the former USSR and the former Communist regimes of East European states. China and North Korea have reportedly provided some weapons.

When Israel invaded Lebanon in 1982, the faction was dispersed to several Middle Eastern countries: Tunisia, Yemen, Algeria, Iraq and others. Fatah maintains several armed groups, called wings, that have carried out operations, including Force 17, the Hawari Special Operations Group, Tanzim and the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades.

It has "Observer Party" status at the Socialist International.

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